Significant Inverse Correlation of Serum Levels of Osteoprotegerin (OPG) and Transferrin Saturation in Thalassemia Dependent Transfusion (TDT) Patients

Indra Wijaya, M Lucky Nurdiansyah Prameswara, Dimmy Prasetya, Laniyati Hamijoyo, Bachti Alisjahbana, Andri Reza Rahmadi

Abstract


Background: Osteoporosis is a major problem in transfusion-dependent thalassemia patients (TDT) patients. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is one of several bone markers that are closely associated with osteoporosis in TDT patients. OPG is a glycoprotein that functions as a feedback receptor for the Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor kappa B Ligand (RANKL), which is an alpha tumor necrosis factor receptor. One of the causes of decreased bone mass density is iron toxicity, which can be identified by showing elevated transferrin saturation. Bone mass dual X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is a gold standard for the diagnosis of osteoporosis, these procedures are not commonly available in Indonesia. This study was conducted to analyze the correlation between serum levels of OPG and transferrin saturation in TDT patients. Methods: A correlational study with a cross-sectional approach analyzed data from TDT patients at Hemato-Oncology Medic Outpatient Clinic, Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia. Primary data were obtained through blood sampling and anthropometry measurement while secondary data were obtained from the patient’s medical records. OPG and transferrin saturation levels were assessed using the ELISA method. Research data were analyzed using the rank Spearman correlation test. Results: Data were collected from 51 research subjects (30 women dan 21 men). The median OPG level was 380 (170-1230) pg/mL and the median transferrin saturation level was 89.4 (66.7 – 96.2)%. Analysis of correlation showed a significant correlation between and transferrin saturation level with a coefficient value of r -0.539 and p-value <0.001. Conclusion: There was a significant inverse correlation between OPG with transferrin saturation in TDT patients.


Keywords


OPG; transferrin saturation; osteoporosis; transfusion-dependent thalassemia

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