Consensus Guidelines for Influenza Vaccination in Patients with Diabetes

Sukamto Koesnoe, Anshari Saifuddin Hasibuan, Ketut Suastika, Cissy Kartasasmita, Andi Makbul Aman, Ida Ayu Kshanti, Wismandari Wisnu, Samsuridjal Djauzi, Iris Rengganis, Alvina Widhani, Suzy Maria, Erwanto Budi Winulyo, Hindra Irawan, Heri Nugroho, Nanny Soetedjo, Sobagijo Adi, Hendra Zufry, Nabilla Gita


Influenza is a prevalent health issue encountered in daily practice. Patients with diabetes mellitus face a higher risk of infections, including influenza, owing to the compromised immune system associated with diabetes. This susceptibility arises from the potential of diabetes mellitus to weaken the immune system. Moreover, elevated blood glucose levels can create a conducive environment for the growth of bacteria and viruses. This consensus is formulated by a multidisciplinary team to serve as practical guidance for the administration of influenza vaccinations to patients with diabetes mellitus in daily practice.


influenza; diabetes mellitus; vaccination


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