Use of BRAF V600E as a Molecular Marker in Aggressive Colorectal Cancer

Bethy S Hernowo, Fenny Ariyanni, Sri Suryanti, Abdul H Hassan


Aim: to compare the immunoexpression of BRAF V600E among stage of colorectal cancer. Methods: this was a cross sectional, and retrospective study involving Dukes’ stage A, B, and C colorectal carcinoma, each with 15 cases. Immunohistochemistry was performed in paraffin-embedded specimens of tumor mass for the assessment of BRAF V600E. The proportion differences of immunoexpression of BRAF V600E among Dukes’stage A, B, and C were tested using Chi-Square test. Results: the result of positive BRAF V600E immunoexpression (moderately to strongly positive) in Dukes’stage A, B, and C were found in 1 of 15 cases, 4 of 15 cases and 13 of 15 cases respectively. BRAF V600E immunoexpression was statistically significant more frequent in Dukes’stage C (p<0,001, Chi-Square test). Conclusion: positive BRAF V600E immunoexpression could be used as a marker of aggresive colorectal carcinoma.

Key words: BRAF V600E, Dukes, immunoexpression, colorectal carcinoma

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