Post COVID-19 Syndrome Monitoring in Confirmed COVID-19 Patients with Telemedicine at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital

Yogi Prabowo, Ahmad Riza'i, Hadiki Habib, Radi Muharris Mulyana, Septo Sulistio, Imamul Aziz Albar, Lies Dina Liastuti, Sumariyono Sumariyono, Trimartani Trimartani, Muhammad Khalil Hasmarani, Muhammad Zuhdi

Abstract


Background: The incidence of post-covid-19 syndrome is quite high and requires further monitoring after the patient is discharged from treatment. So we need a proper monitoring method and description of the Covid-19 syndrome in Indonesia.  Methods: This retrospective cohort study with total sampling method uses data from medical records and telemedicine observations of confirmed COVID-19 patients who received treatment in the Kiara room at Cipto Mangunkusumo. The data were then analyzed using chi-squared and multinomial logistic regression techniques. Results: A total of 133 samples were used, including 44.4% male and 55.6% female, with an average age Standard Deviation (SD) of 40.36 (17.94). The severity levels of Covid-19 were mild (66.9%). The most common post-Covid-19 symptom manifestations was cough expressed at the first follow-up (first week after recovery) and second follow-up (the fourth week after recovery). Furthermore, the significant relationship between severity levels and post-Covid-19 symptomatic syndrome outcomes is the critical headache or vertigo symptoms with an RR of 8.70 (95% CI, 1.10-68.69,). In comparison, the telemedicine quality assessment was declared good, as shown by 98.7% of an examined sample. Conclusion: The most manifestation shown in the first and fourth week of follow-up is cough. Other symptoms tend to decrease in the second follow-up. The severity level associated with post-Covid-19 manifestations are severe-critical with headache or vertigo as a risk factor and mild with symptoms of headache or vertigo as a preventative. Meanwhile, the quality of telemedicine services was recognized as good by the majority of the sample.

Keywords


post-COVID-19 manifestations; COVID-19; Headache; Telemedicine; Indonesia

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