The Challenge in Diagnosis and Current Treatment of Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension

Anggoro Budi Hartopo, Lucida Kris Dinarti, Abdul S Wahab


Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is currently underdiagnosis and consequently undertreatment in the clinical practice. A deficient in diagnostic modality and treatment availability especially in developing countries makes the CTEPH diagnosis unlikely to confirm. However, high index of clinical suspicion of CTEPH will lead to proper diagnosis and correct treatment  with significant reduction in morbidity and mortality. Left untreated, the mean survival time is 6.8 years and the three year mortality rate may be as high as 90 %. The pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of CTEPH are necessary to be shared among internists and primary care physicians, in order to improve the overall outcome of the patients.


chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension; diagnosis; pulmonary hypertension

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